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European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - UK :: How to Check that .NET has been Installed on the Server

clock November 16, 2015 21:51 by author Scott

Most of the newbies and few administrators handling the deployment of their company’s ASP.Net applications on the Windows Server must be knowing about the basics of how ASP.Net is associated with the IIS web server. Here’s a quick tip for you to quickly check  whether the exact version of .NET framework has been installed on the Server and also to check whether it has been registered with the IIS or not.

In this scenario, I'm going to consider a fresh installation of the Windows Server (2008 R2/ 2012 R2). SO make sure you have the below mentioned configuration done accordingly.

How to Find The Existence of the .NET Framework and Its Files

Navigate to this location, to make sure the .Net Framework that you are wanting/looking for is installed.

File location: (32-bit): C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\ (By default)
For 64-bit: C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\ (By default)

There are several .NET Framework versions available. Some are included in some Windows OS by default and all are available to download at Microsoft website as well.

Following is a list of all released versions of .NET Framework:

- .NET Framework 1.0 (Obsolete)
- .NET Framework 1.1 (Obsolete, comes installed in Windows Server 2003)
- .NET Framework 2.0* (Obsolete, comes as a standalone installer)
- .NET Framework 3.0* (comes pre-installed in Windows Vista and Server 2008)
- .NET Framework 3.5* (comes pre-installed in Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2)
- .NET Framework 4.0*
- .NET Framework 4.5* (comes pre-installed in Windows 8/8.1 and Server 2012/2012 R2)

Note: The framework marked with (*) have their later versions which is available as service packs, that can be downloaded from Microsoft’s Download website.

To check the ASP.Net application version compatibility, refer this MSDN article. Which is also shown below

If you find the respective folder, say v4.0.xxx, then it means that the Framework 4.0 or above has been installed. X:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319  (The X:\ is replaced by the OS drive)

Also you will find a similar folder for the x64 bit .Net Framework and its files associated in this location X:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319 (The X:\ is replaced by the OS drive)

This can also be confirmed using another method by navigating into the Windows Registry to find a key and its existence confirms the same.

How to Find the .NET Framework Versions by Viewing the Registry

1. On the Start menu, choose Run.

2. In the Open box, enter regedit.exe.

You must have administrative credentials to run regedit.exe.

In the Registry Editor, open the following subkey:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\NET Framework Setup\NDP\v4\Full

This confirms the existence of .Net framework 4 and above(4.5 / 4.5.1 / 4.5.2 Only).

In most of the cases people might ignore this, assuming they have already configured ASP.Net by choosing from the server roles or any other version of .Net application that was working earlier.

This step will guide you to check whether your new application (with respect to the .Net Framework compatibility) has its asp.net component registered or not.

Simply Check ASP.NET 4.5 has been Installed via IIS

To check that .net 4.5 has been installed on the server, please just simply create a website in IIS and hit the “Select” button to check the .Net framework versions available to create Application Pool.

If you find v4.5 instead of v4.0, then it clearly justifies that .Net framework version 4.5 or above (4.5 / 4.5.1 / 4.5.2 only) has been installed and made available to run any website that requires this framework’s version.

If you don't find it, then navigate to the framework’s root folder (refer pic 2) and run “aspnet_regiis.exe” which will in turn register the asp.net component to the IIS.

Once you have registered the ASP.Net component, restart the IIS from the command prompt by typing “iisreset”, then launch your IIS Manager and follow the Step 3, to check the version listed in the available frameworks in the “Add Website” windows as shown above.

Now you are all set to go and start deploying your web application through Web Deploy / FTP or any other.



European ASP.NET 4.5. Hosting - France :: Memory Leak in .Net 4.5

clock November 9, 2015 23:57 by author Scott

One of the common issues with events and event handlers is memory leaks. In applications, it is possible that handlers attached to event sources will not be destroyed if we forget to unregister the handlers from the event. This situation can lead to memory leaks. .Net 4.5 introduces a weak event pattern that can be used to address this issue.

Problem: Without using weak event pattern.

Let's understand the problem with an example. If we understand the problem then the solution is very easy.

public class EventSource  
{  
        public event EventHandler<EventArgs> Event = delegate { };    

        public void Raise()  
        {  
            Event(this, EventArgs.Empty);  
        }          
}    
  

public class EventListener   
{  
        public int Counter { getset; }  
        EventSource eventSourceObject;    

        public EventListener(EventSource source)  
        {  
            eventSourceObject= source;  
            eventSourceObject.Event += MyHandler;  
        }           

        private void MyHandler(object source, EventArgs args)  
        {  
            Counter++;  
            Console.WriteLine("MyHandler received event "+ Counter);  
        }    

        public void UnRegisterEvent()  
        {  
            eventSourceObject.Event -= MyHandler;  
        }  
}  
static void Main(string[] args)  
{              
         EventSource source = new EventSource();  
         EventListener listener = new EventListener(source);  
         Console.WriteLine("Raise event first time");  
         Console.Read();  
         source.Raise();    

         //Set listener to null and call GC to release the  
        //listener object from memory.    

         Console.WriteLine("\nSet listener to null and call GC");  
         Console.Read();  
        //developer forget to unregister the event                 

        //listener.UnRegisterEvent();  
         listener = null;  
         GC.Collect();  
         Console.WriteLine("\nRaise event 2nd time");  
         Console.Read();  
         source.Raise();  
         Console.ReadKey();                  
}  

Output

The developer is expecting that set listener = null is sufficient to release the object but this is not the case. The event listener object is still in memory.

the EventListener's handler should be called a second time. But it's calling.

In this example the developer forget to unregister the event. With this mistake, the listener object is not released from memory and it's still active. If we call the unregister method then the EventListener would be released from memory. But the developer does not remember when to unregister the event.

This is the problem!

Solution: Weak event pattern.

The weak event pattern is designed to solve this memory leak problem. The weak event pattern can be used whenever a listener needs to register for an event, but the listener does not explicitly know when to unregister. 

In the old way of attaching the event with a source it is tightly coupled.

eventSourceObject.Event += MyHandler;  

Using Weak event pattern

Replace the preceding registration with the following code and run the program.

WeakEventManager<EventSource, EventArgs>.AddHandler(source, "Event", MyHandler);

After raising the event a second time, the listener is doing nothing. It means the listener is no longer in memory. 

Now the developer need not be concerned about calling the unregister event.

For any specific scenario if we want to unregister the event then we can use the RemoveHandler method as in the following:

WeakEventManager<EventSource, EventArgs>. RemoveHandler(source, "Event", MyHandler);  



European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - UK :: Zip File Manipulation in ASP.NET 4.5

clock December 11, 2014 08:16 by author Scott

One of the missing feature of .NET framework was a support for Zip file manipulation such as reading the zip archive, adding files, extracting files, etc. and we were using some third party libraries such as excellent the DotNetZip. In .NET 4.5, we have an extensive support for manipulating .zip files.

First thing that you should do is to add System.IO.Compression assembly as reference to your project. You may also want to reference System.IO.Compression.FileSystem assembly to access three extension methods (from the ZipFileExtensions class) for the ZipArchive class: CreateEntryFromFile,CreateEntryFromFile, and ExtractToDirectory. These extension methods enable you to compress and decompress the contents of the entry to a file.

Let’s cover the bits and pieces that we get from System.IO.Compression assembly at first. The below sample shows how to read a zip archive easily with ZipArchive class:

static void Main(string[] args) {

    const string zipFilePath = @"C:\apps\Sample Pictures.zip";

    using (FileStream zipFileToOpen = new FileStream(zipFilePath, FileMode.Open))
    using (ZipArchive archive = new ZipArchive(zipFileToOpen, ZipArchiveMode.Read)) {

        foreach (var zipArchiveEntry in archive.Entries)
            Console.WriteLine(
                "FullName of the Zip Archive Entry: {0}", zipArchiveEntry.FullName
            );
    }
}

In this sample, we are opening the zip archive and iterate through the collection of entries. When we run the application, we should see the list of files inside the zip archive:

It’s also so easy to add a new file to the zip archive:

static void Main(string[] args) {

    const string zipFilePath = @"C:\apps\Sample Pictures.zip";

    using (FileStream zipFileToOpen = new FileStream(zipFilePath, FileMode.Open))
    using (ZipArchive archive = new ZipArchive(zipFileToOpen, ZipArchiveMode.Update)) {

        ZipArchiveEntry readMeEntry = archive.CreateEntry("ReadMe.txt");
        using (StreamWriter writer = new StreamWriter(readMeEntry.Open())) {
            writer.WriteLine("Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet...");
            writer.Write("Proin rutrum, massa sed molestie porta, urna...");
        }

        foreach (var zipArchiveEntry in archive.Entries)
            Console.WriteLine(
                "FullName of the Zip Archive Entry: {0}", zipArchiveEntry.FullName
            );
    }
}

In this sample, we are adding a file named ReadMe.txt at the root of archive and then we are writing some text into that file.

Extracting files is into a folder is so easy as well. You need reference the System.IO.Compression.FileSystem assembly along with System.IO.Compression assembly as mentioned before for this sample:

static void Main(string[] args) {

    const string zipFilePath = @"C:\apps\Sample Pictures.zip";
    const string dirToExtract = @"C:\apps\Sample Pictures\";

    using (FileStream zipFileToOpen = new FileStream(zipFilePath, FileMode.Open))
    using (ZipArchive archive = new ZipArchive(zipFileToOpen, ZipArchiveMode.Update))
        archive.ExtractToDirectory(dirToExtract);
}

There are some other handy APIs as well but it is so easy to discover them by yourself. 



European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: How to Optimize Your Site Using ASP.NET 4.5

clock January 20, 2012 05:55 by author Scott

In this article, I will show you how to optimize your website performance. Yes, there are many ways to optimize your website performance. Ok, here we go, hope you enjoy this article.

Typical website may have the following architecture. We can do optimization in each layer but this post specifically talks about ASP.NET 4.5/IIS which is a presentation layer.

Page Request Tree  when a page load in browser you will get page request tree as shown below. You can get this tree if you use Page Speed(web developer tool). This can be downloaded from
here. You can also use the toll YSLOW to analyze your webpage, can be downloaded from here.



If you look at the Request tree of a test web page above, the top box which is actually the html. The more requests you get to your site then longer the tree and in-turn slows the site.

Typical web site contains CSS files, Images and Javascript files along with you HTML elements. CSS files, Images and JS files will take some time to load into the browser though the loading time is in milliseconds but matters.



The HTML is not taking much time but other elements are taking time to load in to the browser.

The Typical ASP.NET web site might look like as below in Visual Studio. It may contain Scripts  folder, Images Folder, Styles Folder and a Default aspx page.



Usually you refer them in your page as shown below



If you run the Page Speed tool on above page then you might get the below score



it also gives you the suggestion where else you can improve the site performance. If you look at the same page in Yslow then you might get the below statistics



There are 46 HTTP Requests, 5 Java Script files, 6 Style Sheet files and 8 images. Total weight of the page is 11.5K. Some of the browsers actually cache these images, we do not have a control on their logic.

The first problem that we can see from the above report is too many HTTP requests which are going to images, CSS files and to JavaScript files.

We can use Bundling and Minifying the files to reduce those requests. In ASP.NET 4.5 you have the built-in features to these. Write one line of code in Global.asax to bring these HTTP Requests down. You can read more about bundling in ASP.NET 4.5
here



The above line enables the minification for CSS and Javascript files, only these two. Minifying means removing whitespaces, comments and everything that browser does not need to understand. We can really compress these files using this technique.

Basically this bundling technique looks at the folder and takes all the files inside and bundles them into one file, no matter how many are in the folder. This all happens at runtime. It only happens at once.

The order of bundling of your files goes as first it takes all Jquery scripts first and then it takes custom scripts alphabetically from your solution explorer.

Instead of doing the references to individual files, You can do this



Styles/CSS is the convention. Folder name / CSS bundles all the css files on that folder. We can do the same foe JavaScript as shown below



Results of writing above lines of code are shown below which makes HTTP requests down to 37



Suppose if you want to bundle the files by taking from different directories in bundle into single file by using the below code



In above code we are registering our own bundle named mycss and then we are adding file styles.css and a directory styles.

Compress components with gZip. we can enables this on IIS. You tell the server everything that respond to client that text based zip it. You can do this by changing the couple of attribute values in web.config file



In IIS 7.5 it enables for you by default, if you running on windows server 2008 then you need to set the attribute values to true.

Encoding the Images to Base64 Images



Above code shows before and after encoding the image.

You may not want to encode all images in your project but if you want the images that you want to embed along with style sheets then you can write some regular expressions as shown below.



After doing the above steps then we are ending with 19 page requests



We can even transform your response further using coffee script as shown below





You can optimize the images in your folder by using Visual Studio extension tool named Optimize Images.



You can see the before and after percentage of optimization of images in output window



You can read more about this concept
here



European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: New Features in ASP.NET 4.5

clock January 20, 2012 05:08 by author Scott

Another major release in .NET Framework, .NET 4.5 which allows the developers to use Windows 8 technologies and windows runtime directly from .NET 4.5. It makes easy and natural to write Metro style applications using C# and VB. .NET 4.5 makes your applications run faster eg: Faster ASP.NET startup. .NET 4.5 gives  you easy access to your data with entity framework code first approach and recent SQL Server features. This post discuss these features in detail.

You can download the .NET FW  4.5 Developer preview from
here.

 



European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting :: Visual Studio 2011 Preview - Server Side Event Handler Generation from ASP.NET Markup

clock November 11, 2011 06:08 by author Scott

Yes, Visual Studio 2011 will coming soon. This is really a great addition in Visual Studio 2011 Developer Preview for ASP.NET developers. If you are familiar with  WPF and XMAL development in Visual Studio, it should be well known for you, because  preview version of Visual Studio supports  generation of  event handler code from XMAL markup itself.  With Visual Studio 2011 developer preview, creating event handlers for ASP.NET controls have become significantly easy. You really don’t not need to write the event handler manually or  generating the even handler from design view.

In VS 2011 Developer preview, markup intellisense for all ASP.NET server-side events will show you list of exiting handlers and a value called “<Create New Event>” . Which means you can attach the event with some exiting event handler or  select “create New event” to generate an new  handler with the right signature in the code-behind file.



If there is no control Id provided, Visual Studio will consider the control id as “Unnamed” and will generate the event handler as shown in below.





If you are wondering  about what will happen if there are multiple controls  without ids, does Visual studio going to attach with same event handler? No, It will  append an incremental number with event handler name.



Visual Studio will generate Event handler name as <ControlName>_Click if control id is provided.





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