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European ASP.NET Core 2.2.5 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu ::Server.MapPath() In ASP.NET

clock June 19, 2019 12:05 by author Peter

Many times we need to know the full path of remote server where we are hosting or the exact location of file but if we don't how we can't. Actually we have MapPath method which maps the specified relative or virtual path to the corresponding physical directory on the web server. Usually any web server never allows to access in any path if we don't have proper permission. Even we can't list the directories or file as we list in DOS like,

As in above picture, we can list on web server via remotely without proper permission because of security reason. But we can see the full path where the particular page exists as in example given below.

In above example, coded (given below) file is being hosted at remote server and it is displaying (mapping) the physical location (path) of my hosting server. Here is my coding I have used.
    protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) {   
        Response.Write(Server.MapPath("."));   
        Response.Write("<br>");   
        Response.Write(Server.MapPath(""));   
        Response.Write("<br>");   
        Response.Write(Server.MapPath("~"));   
    }  

HAVE A HAPPY CODING!

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET Core 2.2.5 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



European ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to create TextBox AutoComplete using JQuery or JSON in ASP.NET?

clock May 28, 2019 12:28 by author Peter

In this article, I will tell you how to create TextBox AutoComplete using JQuery or JSON in ASP.NET. First, create project in ASP.NET, then write the following code:

.Aspx Page
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
<title>ASP.NET TextBox AutoCaomplete using JQuery or JSON</title>
<link rel="stylesheet"
href="http://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.3/themes/smoothness/jquery-ui.css"/>
  <script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.9.1.js"></script>
  <script src="http://code.jquery.com/ui/1.10.3/jquery-ui.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function () {
        var arr = [];
        $.ajax({
            type: "POST",
            contentType: "application/json; charset=utf-8",
            url: "JQueryAutoCompleteJSON.aspx/GetEmployeeName",
            data: "{}",
            dataType: "json",
            success: function (data) {
                for (var i = 0; i < data.d.length; i++) {
                    arr[i] = data.d[i].empName;
                }
            },
            error: function (result) {
                alert("Error");
            }
        });
        $("#tags").autocomplete({
        source:arr
    });
});
</script>
<style type="text/css">
table,th,td
{
border:1px solid black;
border-collapse:collapse;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
   <form id="form1" runat="server">
   <div class="ui-widget">
  <label for="tags">Tags: </label>
  <input id="tags">
</div>
    </form>
</body>
</html>


C#

using System.Web.Services;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data;
using System.Configuration;
public partial class JQueryAutoCompleteJSON : System.Web.UI.Page
{
    [WebMethod]
    public static EmpDetails[] GetEmployeeName()
    {
        DataTable dt = new DataTable();
        List<EmpDetails> empNames = new List<EmpDetails>();
        SqlConnection con = newSqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["con"].ConnectionString);
        SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand("select * from employee", con);
        con.Open();
        SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter(cmd);
        da.Fill(dt);
        foreach (DataRow drow in dt.Rows)
        {
            EmpDetails emp = new EmpDetails();
            emp.empName = drow["name"].ToString();
            empNames.Add(emp);
        }
        con.Close();
        return empNames.ToArray();
    }
    public class EmpDetails
    {
        public string empName { get; set; }
    }}

VB.NET
Imports System.Web.Services
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Data
Imports  System.Configuration
Partial Public Class JQueryAutoCompleteJSON
    Inherits System.Web.UI.Page
    <WebMethod()> _
    Public Shared Function GetEmployeeName() As EmpDetails()
        Dim dt As New DataTable()
        Dim empNames As New List(Of EmpDetails)()
        Dim con As NewSqlConnection(
ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("con").ConnectionString)
        Dim cmd As New SqlCommand("select * from employee", con)
        con.Open()
        Dim da As New SqlDataAdapter(cmd)
        da.Fill(dt)
        For Each drow As DataRow In dt.Rows
            Dim emp As New EmpDetails()
            emp.empName = drow("name").ToString()
            empNames.Add(emp)
        Next
        con.Close()
        Return empNames.ToArray()
    End Function
    Public Class EmpDetails
        Public Property empName() As String
            Get
                Return m_empName
            End Get
            Set(ByVal value As String)
                m_empName = Value
            End Set
        End Property
        Private m_empName As String
    End Class
End Class

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET Core 2.2.4 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



European ASP.NET Core Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Get Currency Format Using Google In ASP.NET

clock May 21, 2019 11:00 by author Peter

Many times, I have encountered a vital question: "How can I change 20000.00 to $20,000.00?" This involves a simple currency formatter. You can use either jQuery or server-side coding to show the currency in this format. Here, in this post, I will show you how to format the currency input from user in ASP.NET.
Format Currency using jQuery

First, start with jQuery. Google has provided a very simple way to format currency. You can find out about it from here. Or you can follow this.

To continue, you have to download two JavaScript files. One is jquery.formatCurrency-1.4.0.js and the second one is jquery.min.js. I have attached these JS files with the code I have attached along with this post.

So, let's start with sample coding. First, create a new project and add a new page, name it whatever you want. Then, add a new text box. Firstly, we will do it with the onBlur function of jQuery, so we don't need any more extra buttons for showing our formatted currency.

Add those downloaded JS files into your header section of the web form. And then, paste the following code into your page.

JS
    <script src="jquery.min.js"></script> 
    <script src="jquery.formatCurrency-1.4.0.js"></script> 
    <script type="text/javascript"> 
            $(document).ready(function () { 
                $('.text').focusout(function () { 
                    $('.text').formatCurrency(); 
                    $('.text').formatCurrency('.currencyLabel'); 
                }); 
            });        
    </script> 


HTML
    <div> 
         <p>Currency Formatter</p> 
         <asp:TextBox runat="server"  
     
         ID="txtPrice" CssClass="text"></asp:TextBox> 
         Show by Jquery: <span class="currencyLabel"></span> 
    </div> 


Check the CssClass of text box. It's the method by which formatCurrency() method is calling to format it to text box and also show the output value to a span.
Format Currency using C#

I hope it's clear to you how to format currency by jQuery. Now, let's see how to do this using C#. Don't worry, C# has an inbuilt function for this. For C#, we are taking an extra button to display the output into a label.

    <asp:TextBox ID="txtCurrency" runat="server"></asp:TextBox> 
    <asp:Button ID="btnChange" Text="Format" runat="server" OnClick="btnChange_Click"   /> 
    <asp:Label ID="lblShow" runat="server"></asp:Label> 
     
    protected void btnChange_Click(object sender, EventArgs e) 
    { 
        lblShow.Text = (Convert.ToDouble(txtCurrency.Text)).ToString("C2"); 
    } 


Make sure this method is only applicable to data types like decimal and double. So you have to add a check to see whether user input is bound to numbers.

 



European ASP.NET Core Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Dependency Injection For Quartz.NET In .NET Core

clock May 14, 2019 12:18 by author Peter

Quartz.NET is a handy library that allows you to schedule recurring tasks via implementing IJob interface. Yet the limitation of it is that, by default, it supports only a parameterless constructor which complicates injecting external service inside of it, i.e., for implementing repository pattern. In this article, we'll take a look at how we can tackle this problem using standard .NET Core DI container.

The whole project referred to in the article is provided inside the following Github repository. In order to better follow the code in the article, you might want to take a look at it.

Project Overview
Let's take a look at the initial solution structure.

The project QuartzDI.Demo.External.DemoService represents some external dependency we have no control over. For the sake of simplicity, it does quite a humble job.

The project QuartzDI.Demo is our working project which contains simple a Quartz.NET job.
    public class DemoJob : IJob 
    { 
        private const string Url = "https://i.ua"; 
     
        public static IDemoService DemoService { get; set; } 
     
        public Task Execute(IJobExecutionContext context) 
        { 
            DemoService.DoTask(Url); 
            return Task.CompletedTask; 
        } 
    } 


It is set up in a straightforward way:
    var props = new NameValueCollection 
    { 
        { "quartz.serializer.type", "binary" } 
    }; 
    var factory = new StdSchedulerFactory(props); 
    var sched = await factory.GetScheduler(); 
    await sched.Start(); 
    var job = JobBuilder.Create<DemoJob>() 
        .WithIdentity("myJob", "group1") 
        .Build(); 
    var trigger = TriggerBuilder.Create() 
        .WithIdentity("myTrigger", "group1") 
        .StartNow() 
        .WithSimpleSchedule(x => x 
            .WithIntervalInSeconds(5) 
            .RepeatForever()) 
    .Build(); 
    await sched.ScheduleJob(job, trigger); 


We provide our external service via the job's static property.
    DemoJob.DemoService = new DemoService(); 

As the project is a console application, during the course of the article, we'll have to manually install all needed infrastructure and will be able to build a more thorough understanding of what .NET Core actually brings to the table.

At this point, our project is up and running. And what is most important is, it's dead simple, which is great. But we pay for that simplicity with a cost of application inflexibility, which is fine if we want to leave it as a small tool. But that's often not the case for production systems. So let's tweak it a bit to make it more flexible.
Creating a Configuration File

One of the inflexibilities is that we hard-code the URL we call into a DemoJob. Ideally, we would like to change it and also change it depending on our environment. .NET Core comes with an appsettings.json mechanism for that matter.

In order to start working with the .NET Core configuration mechanism, we have to install a couple of NuGet packages.

  • Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration 
  • Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.FileExtensions 
  • Microsoft.Extensions.Configuration.Json 

Let's create a file with such a name and extract our URL there,
    { 
      "connection": { 
        "Url": "http://i.ua" 
      } 
    } 

Now, we can extract our value from the config file as below.
    var builder = new ConfigurationBuilder() 
                    .SetBasePath(Directory.GetCurrentDirectory()) 
                    .AddJsonFile("appsettings.json", true, true); 
    var configuration = builder.Build(); 
    var connectionSection = configuration.GetSection("connection"); 
    DemoJob.Url = connectionSection["Url"];
 

Note that to make it happen, we had to change the URL from constant to property.
    public static string Url { get; set; } 

Using Constructor Injection

Injecting service via a static property is fine for a simple project, but for a bigger one, it might carry several disadvantages: such as a job might be called without a service provided, thus failing or changing the dependency during the object runtime. To address these issues, we should employ constructor injection.

Although there is nothing wrong with Pure Dependency Injection and some people argue that you should strive for it, in this article, we'll use a built-in .NET Core DI container which comes with a NuGet package Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection.

Now, let us specify a service we depend on inside constructor arguments.
    private readonly IDemoService _demoService; 
    public DemoJob(IDemoService demoService) 
    { 
        _demoService = demoService; 
    } 

In order to invoke a parameterful constructor of the job, Quartz.NET provides IJobFactory interface. Here's our implementation.
    public class DemoJobFactory : IJobFactory 
    { 
        private readonly IServiceProvider _serviceProvider; 
     
        public DemoJobFactory(IServiceProvider serviceProvider) 
        { 
            _serviceProvider = serviceProvider; 
        } 
     
        public IJob NewJob(TriggerFiredBundle bundle, IScheduler scheduler) 
        { 
            return _serviceProvider.GetService<DemoJob>(); 
        } 
     
        public void ReturnJob(IJob job) 
        { 
            var disposable = job as IDisposable; 
            disposable?.Dispose(); 
        } 
    } 


Let's register our dependencies.
    var serviceCollection = new ServiceCollection(); 
    serviceCollection.AddScoped<DemoJob>(); 
    serviceCollection.AddScoped<IDemoService, DemoService>(); 
    var serviceProvider = serviceCollection.BuildServiceProvider(); 


The final piece of the puzzle is to make Quartz.NET use our factory. IScheduler has property JobFactory just for that matter.
    sched.JobFactory = new DemoJobFactory(serviceProvider); 
    Using Options Pattern 


Now, we can pull the same trick with configuration options. Again, our routine starts with a Nuget package. This time Microsoft.Extensions.Options.

Let's create a strongly typed definition for configuration options.
    public class DemoJobOptions 
    { 
        public string Url { get; set; } 
    } 


Now, we populate them as below.
    serviceCollection.AddOptions(); 
    serviceCollection.Configure<DemoJobOptions>(options => 
    { 
        options.Url = connectionSection["Url"]; 
    }); 


And inject them into a constructor. Note that we inject IOptions<T>, not the options instance directly.
    public DemoJob(IDemoService demoService, IOptions<DemoJobOptions> options) 
    { 
        _demoService = demoService; 
        _options = options.Value; 
    } 


Conclusion
In this article, we've seen how we can leverage .NET Core functionality to make our use of Quartz.NET more flexible.

 

 



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: Alert Dialog From Controller Without JavaScript In View

clock May 9, 2019 12:27 by author Peter
We can show an alert dialog in the browser from Controller without using any JavaScript in the View, which saves our time and makes the popping up of dynamic data way faster.
 
Displaying an Alert Dialog popup can be done from the controller and even from the server-side, but it is very useful when you want to display an alert using much less code.
 
In your Controller, copy the below code just before your return code.

public ActionResult SmartRegister(csUser model)  
 {               
     User us = new User();  
     rfSocietyEntities db = new rfSocietyEntities();  
     if (ModelState.IsValid)  
     {  
         int count = db.Users.Where(a => a.Email.Equals(model.Email)).Count();  
         if (count == 0)  
         {  
             us.Admin = model.Admin;  
             us.Email = model.Email;  
             us.FullName = model.FullName;  
             us.Password = model.Password;  
             us.PhoneNo = model.PhoneNo;  
             db.Users.Add(us);  
             db.SaveChanges();  
             return RedirectToAction("Dashboard""Dashboard");  
         }  
         else  
         {  
             TempData["msg"] = "<script>alert('Email id already registered.');</script>";  
             return View (model);  
         }  
     }  
     else  
     {  
         TempData["msg"] = "<script>alert('Please Check Data entered or try later.');</script>";  
         return View(model);  
     }  
}    
In your View file, add the below code.
  @Html.Raw(TempData["msg"])




European ASP.NET Core Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: ASP.NET Core Security Headers

clock April 30, 2019 11:13 by author Peter

With the help of headers, your website could send some useful information to the browser. Let’s see how it is possible to add more protection to your website.
To add a header for each request, we can use middleware.

XSS and CSP
Still in the OWASP top 10, there is XSS - Cross-Site Scripting attack. Sure, it helps a lot to encode symbols before displaying text on the website (using any one of the HtmlEncoder, JavaScriptEncoder, and UrlEncoder). And, it’s better never to use @Html.Raw(). But it is also possible to add a header that will inform the browser to stop XSS attack. This kind of header is useful mostly for old browsers.
app.Use(async (context, next) =>  
{  
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Xss-Protection", "1");  
await next();  
}); 


For new browsers, it is better to use CSP. Here is how it is possible to add the CSP header.
app.Use(async (context, next) =>  
{  
context.Response.Headers.Add(  
  "Content-Security-Policy",  
  "default-src 'self'; " +  
  "img-src 'self' myblobacc.blob.core.windows.net; " +  
  "font-src 'self'; " +  
  "style-src 'self'; " +  
  "script-src 'self' 'nonce-KIBdfgEKjb34ueiw567bfkshbvfi4KhtIUE3IWF' "+  
  " 'nonce-rewgljnOIBU3iu2btli4tbllwwe'; " +  
  "frame-src 'self';"+  
  "connect-src 'self';");  
await next();  
});  


In this example, it is allowed to run scripts.js files only from the current website (that is a meaning of ‘self’). And it is allowed to run 2 specified with “nonce” attribute scripts that are inserted in page inside script tag. For example, if you are using some script like this one inside your page.
<script>  
function showMessage() {  
alert("Just for demo");  
}   
</script>  

Then, you will be not able to run this script without adding ‘unsafe-inline’ into your CSP definition.

But adding ‘unsafe-inline’ means leaving your website not-protected. So, better move the script into .js file or use a nonce. Just add to your script attribute nonce with some random value. For example,
<script nonce="KUY8VewuvyUYVEIvEFue4vwyiuf"> </script>  

Then, you can add to your CSP script-scr value ‘nonce-KUY8VewuvyUYVEIvEFue4vwyiuf’ and you will be able to run scripts from exactly this <script> section.

‘unsafe-inlne’ is also related to events that are added to your html as attributes. Like onclick, onchange, onkeydown, onfocus. For example, instead of the following onclick event, you should add id or class to your element and call event from <script> or .js file.
<p onclick="showMessage()">Show message</p>  

Like this,
<p id="message-text">Show message</p>  

<script nonce=”KUY8VewuvyUYVEIvEFue4vwyiuf”>  
$(document).ready(function() {  
$("#message-text") (function() {  
alert( "Just for demo" );  
});   
});  
</script>  


X-Frame-Options
By default, it is possible to display your website inside an iframe. But with one small header, it is possible to disallow this. Why? Because someone could display your website inside a frame and place a transparent layer over it. And, the users would be thinking that they are clicking on your website buttons/links but in a real case, they would be clicking on items placed in the transparent layer. And as cookies still could be in the user’s browser, some operation could be authenticated. This kind of attack is called Clickjacking. And, here is a header to protect your website from this attack.
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Frame-Options", "DENY");  

Content sniffing
By the next link File Upload XSS you can find a more or less fresh sample of how it is possible to inject JavaScript into an svg file. And if a file like this would be located on the server that would have content sniffing security enabled, then JavaScript wouldn’t work because svg extension doesn’t correspond to JS content. Hope you believe me now that the next header is required.
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff");  

Referrer-Policy
One of the headers that is automatically added by browsers is “Referer”. It contains a site from which the user has been transferred. Sometimes, that is convenient for analytics. But sometimes, the URL could contain some private information that is better not to be disclosed.

If you don’t want to allow browsers to display your website as last visited in “Referer” header, please use the Referrer-Policy: no-referrer

Here is an example of all headers in one middleware.
app.Use(async (context, next) =>  
{  
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Xss-Protection", "1");  
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Frame-Options", "DENY");  
context.Response.Headers.Add("Referrer-Policy", "no-referrer");  
context.Response.Headers.Add("X-Content-Type-Options", "nosniff");  
              context.Response.Headers.Add(  
  "Content-Security-Policy",  
  "default-src 'self'; " +  
  "img-src 'self' myblobacc.blob.core.windows.net; " +  
  "font-src 'self'; " +  
  "style-src 'self'; " +  
  "script-src 'self' 'nonce-KIBdfgEKjb34ueiw567bfkshbvfi4KhtIUE3IWF' "+  
  " 'nonce-rewgljnOIBU3iu2btli4tbllwwe'; " +  
  "frame-src 'self';"+  
  "connect-src 'self';");  
await next();  
});  


Sure, you can read information about each one header and change value to something more appropriate for your needs.
Strict-Transport-Security

For activating Strict-Transport-Security - web security policy mechanism that helps to protect your website from protocol downgrade attacks and cookie hijacking, add the next one to your middleware pipeline (or just don’t remove it),
app.UseHsts();  

This middleware will add “Strict-Transport-Security” header

Removing Server Header
Sometimes, headers could provide some information that is better to hide. To disable the Server header from Kestrel, you need to set AddServerHeader to false. Use UseKestrel() if your ASP.NET Core version is  lower than 2.2 and ConfigureKestrel() if not.
WebHost.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)  
     .UseKestrel(c => c.AddServerHeader = false)  
     .UseStartup<Startup>()  
     .Build();



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: Create A Typed HttpClient With

clock April 23, 2019 10:57 by author Peter

HttpClient is used for sending HTTP requests and receiving HTTP responses from a resource identified by a URI. But, HttpClient has some issues. To read more on the issues of HttpClient, you can check this link. In the .NET Core 2.1 release, Microsoft has introduced a new way of designing HttpClients to solve these issues, and it's called HttpClientFactory. HttpClientFactory is an opinionated factory, available since .NET Core 2.1, for creating HttpClient instances in our applications. This means that we can create HttpClients and can register them in the HttpClientFactory in our application and can leverage the dependency injection capabilities of the .NET core to inject these HttpClients in our code. HttpClientFactory allows us to no longer care about the lifecycle of the HttpClient by leaving it to the framework.
 
There are three ways to use HttpClientFactory to instantiate HttpClients.

  • Default client
  • Named client
  • Typed client

In order to use the factory, we need to register it in the DI container. So, we need to use an extension method AddHttpClient() on IServiceCollection interface in our Startup.cs class. This will allow us to inject the HttpClient in our class constructors.
 
In this article, we will see how to create a Typed HttpClient using the HttpClient factory in a .NET core MVC application and use it for making HTTP calls. I prefer Typed HttpClient over the other two because,

    As the name suggests, typed clients provide type safety.
    Typed clients help in encapsulating the API calls when we are making use of the HttpClient at one place, thus making our code DRY (Don't Repeat Yourself). The other two will scatter the implementation details of making HTTP calls throughout the codebase.

We will make a simple MVC application to learn the workings of typed HttpClient. This application will receive the name of a movie and call a REST API to fetch the details of that movie and shall display it to the user. I will be using Visual Studio Code for developing the application. The REST API used for fetching the movie details is the OMDB API. The OMDB API is a RESTful web service to obtain movie information. This is a free API with a 1000 requests per day limit for a user. We need an API key for accessing this API. To know more details about this API you can check their website.

Create a folder called MovieFinder and open it in VS Code. Create an MVC application by running the following command in the terminal.
    dotnet new mvc --name MovieFinder 

This shall create a basic .NET Core MVC application. Now, let’s create a View Model class to hold the data from the OMDB API. So, let’s add a class named MovieDetailModel.
    public class MovieDetailModel 
    { 
        public string Title { get; set; } 
        public string Year { get; set; } 
        public string Director { get; set; } 
        public string Actors { get; set; } 
        public string IMDBRating { get; set; } 
        public string PosterImage { get; set; } 
        public string Plot { get; set; } 
    } 


Now, we need to create an interface for our typed client. Let's name it IMovieDetailsClient.
    public interface IMovieDetailsClient 
    { 
        Task<MovieDetailModel> GetMovieDetailsAsync(string movieName); 
    } 


This interface contains a single method, GetMovieDetailsAsync, which accepts the movie name as the parameter and shall return the details of that movie. Now we need to create a class which implements this interface. This class shall contain the actual logic of calling the OMDB API to fetch the movie details.
    public class MovieDetailsClient : IMovieDetailsClient 
    { 
        private readonly HttpClient _httpClient; 
     
        public MovieDetailsClient(HttpClient httpClient) 
        { 
            httpClient.BaseAddress = new Uri("http://www.omdbapi.com/"); 
            _httpClient = httpClient; 
        } 
     
        public async Task<MovieDetailModel> GetMovieDetailsAsync(string movieName) 
        { 
            var queryString = $"?t={movieName}&apikey=<your-api-key>"; 
            var response = await _httpClient.GetStringAsync(queryString); 
     
            JObject json = JObject.Parse(response); 
     
            if (json.SelectToken("Response").Value<string>() == "True") 
            { 
     
                var movieDetails = new MovieDetailModel 
                { 
                    Title = json.SelectToken("Title").Value<string>(), 
                    Year = json.SelectToken("Year").Value<string>(), 
                    Director = json.SelectToken("Director").Value<string>(), 
                    Actors = json.SelectToken("Actors").Value<string>(), 
                    IMDBRating = json.SelectToken("imdbRating").Value<string>(), 
                    PosterImage = json.SelectToken("Poster").Value<string>(), 
                    Plot = json.SelectToken("Plot").Value<string>() 
                }; 
     
                return movieDetails; 
            } 
     
            return new MovieDetailModel 
            { 
                Title = movieName 
            }; 
        } 
    } 


In this class, we inject the HttpClient in our class constructor and set the base address of our OMDB API endpoint. We also implement GetMovieDetailsAsync method declared in our interface. We called the OMDB API from our method and mapped the API response to our view model and returned it. I have used the JSON.NET library for parsing the response from the API.
Note that I have hardcoded the API Base address and the API key in the code. This is not a healthy practice. We shall always prefer moving these kinds of values to configuration files and shall read those values from the configuration files in our code.
 
We have now created our typed client. Now let's create the view for user interaction. In the Index.cshtml file in the Views\Home folder, replace the existing code with the following code.
    @{ 
        ViewData["Title"] = "Home Page"; 
    } 
     
    @model MovieDetailModel 
     
    <form  
        asp-controller="Home"  
        asp-action="Submit" 
        method="post"  
        class="form-horizontal"  
        role="form"> 
     
        <div class="form-group"> 
            <label for="Title">Title</label> 
            <input  
                class="form-control"  
                placeholder="Enter Title" 
                asp-for="Title">    
        </div> 
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button> 
    </form> 
     
     
    @{ 
        <br> 
         
        if(!string.IsNullOrEmpty(Model?.Year)) 
        { 
            var title = Model.Title; 
            var year = Model.Year;   
            var message = $"{title} is release on {year}";  
      
            <br> 
            <div class="card" style="width: 18rem;"> 
                <img class="card-img-top" src=@Model.PosterImage alt="Poster Not Available"> 
                <div class="card-body"> 
                    <h5 class="card-title">@Model.Title (@Model.Year)</h5> 
                    <p class="card-text">@Model.Plot</p>               
                </div> 
                <ul class="list-group list-group-flush"> 
                    <li class="list-group-item"><strong>Director : @Model.Director</strong></li> 
                    <li class="list-group-item"><strong>Actors : @Model.Actors</strong></li> 
                    <li class="list-group-item"><strong>Rating : @Model.IMDBRating</strong></li> 
                </ul> 
            </div>      
        } 
         
        if(Model != null && string.IsNullOrEmpty(Model?.Year)) 
        { 
            <div class="alert alert-danger" role="alert"> 
                <strong>Sorry!! Requested Movie Details are not available..</strong>  
            </div> 
        } 
    } 


Now, we need to add the Controller code for accepting the movie name from the view and for displaying the movie details. For that, we need to inject the typed client we had created into the constructor of our controller. So, we need to register this typed client with the HttpClient factory in our Startup.cs class. Add the following code in the ConfigureServices method in the startup class.
    services.AddHttpClient<IMovieDetailsClient, MovieDetailsClient>(); 

Now, let's add our controller methods. In the HomeController make the changes as below.
    public class HomeController : Controller 
    { 
        private readonly IMovieDetailsClient _movieDetailsClient; 
     
        public HomeController(IMovieDetailsClient movieDetailsClient) 
        { 
            _movieDetailsClient = movieDetailsClient; 
        } 
     
        public IActionResult Index() 
        { 
            return View(); 
        } 
     
        [HttpPost] 
        public async Task<IActionResult> Submit(MovieDetailModel model) 
        { 
            var movieDetail = await _movieDetailsClient.GetMovieDetailsAsync(model.Title); 
            return View("Index", movieDetail); 
        }       
    } 


We are injecting our IMovieDetails client in the constructor of our controller and assigning it to a read-only field _movieDetailsClient. We have also defined an action named Submit which takes the title of the movie from the view as a parameter. This method makes use of our typed HttpClient to fetch the details of that movie and shall return the view with the details of that movie.

Now, run the application. Execute the command dotnet run in the terminal. Open a browser and navigate to https://localhost:5001/.

 



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: RESTful WebAPI With Onion Architecture

clock April 9, 2019 11:29 by author Peter

Hello friends, here I will show you how to create a WebApi with the following characteristics:

  • ASP.Core 2.1
  • EntityFramework
  • FluentValidation
  • Nlogger
  • Swagger
  • Jwt

Let's start. First create an empty project, then add the following folders:

  • Application
  • Domain
  • Service
  • Infrastructure

Then in the Domain folder, we create a library project Net.Core 2.1 with the name WebApi.Domain add the following dependencies

FluentValidation.AspNetCore

In this project, we add the following folders:

  • Dtos
  • Entities
  • Interfaces

In the Entities folder, we create the BaseEntity class:

    namespace WebApi.Domain.Entities 
    { 
        public abstract class BaseEntity 
        { 
            public virtual int Id { get; set; } 
        } 
    } 

Our project classes will inherit the field Id from this abstract class (if you want you can add other fields like CreatedAt or CreatedBy).

Then we create the Country class with the properties that defines a Country.

    namespace WebApi.Domain.Entities 
    { 
        public class Country : BaseEntity 
        { 
            public string Name { get; set; } 
            public int Population { get; set; } 
            public decimal Area { get; set; } 
            public string ISO3166 { get; set; } 
            public string DrivingSide { get; set; } 
            public string Capital { get; set; } 
     
        } 
    } 

Now to make the exercise more interesting, we are going to assume that we do not want to expose all the Country class. In the Dtos folder, we create the following CountryDensityDTO class.

    using System; 
    using WebApi.Domain.Entities; 
     
    namespace WebApi.Domain.Dtos 
    { 
        public class CountryDensityDTO : BaseEntity 
        { 
            public string Name { get; set; } 
            public string Capital { get; set; } 
            public decimal Area { get; set; } 
            public int Population { get; set; } 
     
     
            public int Populationdensity 
            { 
                get 
                { 
                    return Decimal.ToInt32(Population / Area); 
                } 
            } 
        } 
    }

This class exposes Name, Capital Area, Population and a calculated field Populationdensity.
Now we will continue with the Infrastructure layer and then we will finish the missing parts.We go to the Infrastructure folder and create a library Net.Core 2.1. We name it WebApi.Infrastructure.Data.

We add the following Packages:

  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer 2.1.4
  • Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Tools 2.1.4
  • Microsoft.Extensions.Identity.Stores 2.1.1
  • Microsoft.VisualStudio.Web.CodeGeneration.Design 2.1.5
  • Add Project reference WebApi.Domain 

We create the following folders:

  • Context
  • EntityDbMapping
  • Repository

In the Context Folder, we add the SqlServerContext class. We refer to our Country entity with DbSet to work with the database. As we work with CodeFirst approach, we will create a mapping for our entity Country in the database.
"modelBuilder.Entity<Country>(new CountryMap().Configure);"

Optionally, in this part we can also add seed data when creating a table.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.EntityFrameworkCore; 
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore; 
using WebApi.Domain.Entities; 
using WebApi.Infrastructure.Data.EntityDbMapping; 

namespace WebApi.Infrastructure.Data.Context 

public class SqlServerContext :   IdentityDbContext<ApplicationUser> 

    public DbSet<Country> Country { get; set; } 

    public SqlServerContext(DbContextOptions<SqlServerContext> options) : base(options) 
    { 
      
    }     
    protected override void OnModelCreating(ModelBuilder modelBuilder) 
    { 
        base.OnModelCreating(modelBuilder); 
        modelBuilder.Entity<Country>(new CountryMap().Configure); 
        // ModelBuilderExtensions.Seed(modelBuilder); 

    } 

//Data for first time on table 
public static class ModelBuilderExtensions 

    public static void Seed(this ModelBuilder modelBuilder) 
    { 
        modelBuilder.Entity<Country>().HasData( 
            new Country 
            { 
                Id = 1, 
                Name = "Venezuela", 
                Population = 300000000, 
                Area = 230103 
              
            }, 
            new Country 
            { 
                Id = 2, 
                Name = "Peru", 
                Population = 260000000, 
                Area =33249               
            } 
        ); 
    } 


In the folder, EntityDbMapping, we create the CountryMap class. In this class, we define the physical representation of the properties of the Country class as fields in the table of the database.

    using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;   
    using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Metadata.Builders;   
    using WebApi.Domain.Entities;   
       
    namespace WebApi.Infrastructure.Data.EntityDbMapping   
    {   
        public class CountryMap : IEntityTypeConfiguration<Country>   
        {   
            public void Configure(EntityTypeBuilder<Country> builder)   
            {   
                builder.ToTable("Country");   
       
                builder.HasKey(c => c.Id);   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.Name)   
                    .IsRequired()   
                    .HasColumnName("Name")   
                    .HasColumnType("varchar(150)");   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.Population)   
                    .IsRequired()   
                    .HasColumnType("int")   
                    .HasColumnName("Population");   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.Area)   
                    .IsRequired()   
                    .HasColumnType("decimal(14,2)")   
                    .HasColumnName("Area");   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.ISO3166)   
                .IsRequired()   
                .HasColumnType("varchar(3)")   
                .HasColumnName("ISO3166");   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.DrivingSide)   
                .IsRequired()   
                .HasColumnType("varchar(50)")   
                .HasColumnName("DrivingSide");   
       
                builder.Property(c => c.Capital)   
                .IsRequired()   
                .HasColumnType("varchar(50)")   
                .HasColumnName("Capital");   
            }   
       
        }   
    }   


This is it for now.
In the next chapter, we will implement validations with FluentValidation. We will also configure Mapper to use it with our DTOs and will implement Identity using Jwt.



European ASP.NET Core Hosting :: Consuming RabbitMQ Messages In ASP.NET Core

clock March 26, 2019 11:42 by author Peter

Background tasks play a very important role when we are building a distributed system. The most common scenario is consuming the service bus's message. In this article, I'd like to present how to consume the RabbitMQ message via BackgroundService in ASP.NET Core.
Run RabbitMQ Host

We should set up an instance of RabbitMQ. The fastest way is to use Docker.
docker run -p 5672:5672 -p 15672:15672 rabbitmq:management  

After running the Docker container, we are able to view the management page via http://localhost:15672.

Consuming RabbitMQ Messages In ASP.NET Core
Setup the BackgroundService
Here, we create a new class named ConsumeRabbitMQHostedService that is inherited from BackgroundService.
BackgroundService is a base class for implementing a long-running IHostedService. It provides the main work needed to set up the background task.
Here is an example to demonstrate how to consume RabbitMQ messages.
public class ConsumeRabbitMQHostedService : BackgroundService 

    private readonly ILogger _logger; 
    private IConnection _connection; 
    private IModel _channel; 
 
    public ConsumeRabbitMQHostedService(ILoggerFactory loggerFactory) 
    { 
        this._logger = loggerFactory.CreateLogger<ConsumeRabbitMQHostedService>(); 
        InitRabbitMQ(); 
    } 
 
    private void InitRabbitMQ() 
    { 
        var factory = new ConnectionFactory { HostName = "localhost" }; 
 
        // create connection 
        _connection = factory.CreateConnection(); 
 
        // create channel 
        _channel = _connection.CreateModel(); 
 
        _channel.ExchangeDeclare("demo.exchange", ExchangeType.Topic); 
        _channel.QueueDeclare("demo.queue.log", false, false, false, null); 
        _channel.QueueBind("demo.queue.log", "demo.exchange", "demo.queue.*", null); 
        _channel.BasicQos(0, 1, false); 
 
        _connection.ConnectionShutdown += RabbitMQ_ConnectionShutdown; 
    } 
 
    protected override Task ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken stoppingToken) 
    { 
        stoppingToken.ThrowIfCancellationRequested(); 
 
        var consumer = new EventingBasicConsumer(_channel); 
        consumer.Received += (ch, ea) => 
        { 
            // received message 
            var content = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetString(ea.Body); 
 
            // handle the received message 
            HandleMessage(content); 
            _channel.BasicAck(ea.DeliveryTag, false); 
        }; 
 
        consumer.Shutdown += OnConsumerShutdown; 
        consumer.Registered += OnConsumerRegistered; 
        consumer.Unregistered += OnConsumerUnregistered; 
        consumer.ConsumerCancelled += OnConsumerConsumerCancelled; 
 
        _channel.BasicConsume("demo.queue.log", false, consumer); 
        return Task.CompletedTask; 
    } 
 
    private void HandleMessage(string content) 
    { 
        // we just print this message  
        _logger.LogInformation($"consumer received {content}"); 
    } 
     
    private void OnConsumerConsumerCancelled(object sender, ConsumerEventArgs e)  {  } 
    private void OnConsumerUnregistered(object sender, ConsumerEventArgs e) {  } 
    private void OnConsumerRegistered(object sender, ConsumerEventArgs e) {  } 
    private void OnConsumerShutdown(object sender, ShutdownEventArgs e) {  } 
    private void RabbitMQ_ConnectionShutdown(object sender, ShutdownEventArgs e)  {  } 
 
    public override void Dispose() 
    { 
        _channel.Close(); 
        _connection.Close(); 
        base.Dispose(); 
    } 


Configure Services
We should configure this hosted service with the background task logic in ConfigureServices method.
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services) 

    // others ... 
     
    services.AddHostedService<ConsumeRabbitMQHostedService>(); 
}  

Result

After running this app, we may get the following output in the terminal.Turning to the Management UI of RabbitMQ, we find that it creates a new exchange and a new queue.

The next time we try to publish a message to show the background task is running well, we get the following result.




ASP.NET Core 2.2.3 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Show Alert Message Box using JavaScript jQuery in ASP.NET

clock March 20, 2019 12:03 by author Peter

Today, I will explain you about Showing Alert Message Box from client Side on ASP.NET Core 2.2.3 using JavaScript and JQuery. In the Following, this is jQuery Code Snippet to show/display alert message:

//Function for jQuery
$(function () {
$('#btnUsingjQuery').click(function () {
alert('Alert using jQuery Function!');
});
});

And, this is the JavaScript code to show or display alert message:
//Function for JavaScript
function alertUsingJavaScript() {
alert('Alert using JavaScript Function!');
}

Show Alert Message – (.aspx)
Here is the code snippet for your .aspx webpage:

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head runat="server">
<title>How to show alert message using jQuery/JavaScript in ASP.NET
</title>
<script type="text/javascript" src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.6.2.js">
</script>
<script type="text/javascript">
//Function for JavaScript
function alertUsingJavaScript() {
alert('Alert using JavaScript Function!');
}
//Function for jQuery
$(function () {
$('#btnUsingjQuery').click(function () {
alert('Alert using jQuery Function!');
});
});
</script>
</head>
<body>
<form id="form1" runat="server">
<h4>
Show alert message using JavaScript/jQuery in Asp.net</h4>
<div>
<input id="btnUsingJavaScript" type="button" onclick="alertUsingJavaScript()"
value="Using JavaScript" />
<input id="btnUsingjQuery" type="button" value="Using jQuery" />
</div>
</form>
</body>
</html>

You can see i’d added onclick=”alertUsingJavaScript()” when calling function using JavaScript. Just in case of jQuery, we are able to bind click event directly on window load as $(‘#btnUsingjQuery’).click(function () ); });. And here is the result
:



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.


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