European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting BLOG

BLOG about ASP.NET 4, ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting and Its Technology - Dedicated to European Windows Hosting Customer

European ASP.NET Hosting - Amsterdam :: HTML5 for the ASP.NET Developer

clock August 28, 2012 06:39 by author Scott

New Features in HTML5

HTML5 is an umbrella term for the new HTML, JavaScript, and Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) features that are being standardized. New HTML tags include the <nav> tag, which is used for general website navigation; the <video> tag, which is used for displaying video content; and the <audio> tag, which is used for playing audio content. In general, these tags replace the <object> tag that websites used previously. HTML5 also includes new input controls that are designed to handle some of the more common input scenarios, such as issues with dates and times. Finally, numerous attributes have been added to existing controls. Many of the existing input controls have new and enhanced attributes that allow browsers to expose users to new functionality.

Along with the new markup specifications, new JavaScript classes let programmers capitalize on the latest features that developers have been asking for. The following paragraphs discuss some of these features.

JavaScript selectors
. There are new JavaScript selectors for getElementById and getElementByTagName. There are also selectors, such as getElementByClassName and querySelector.

. Developers have long been using cookies for local storage. However, cookies are sent across the wire and back to the server, a transfer that increases sent data volumes. HTML5 introduces support for a storage feature named LocalStorage. With this feature, data is no longer sent across the wire with each server request. Also, more data can be stored with LocalStorage than with cookies.

. Although WebSQL is no longer a part of the HTML5 standard, this feature has been implemented in several browsers, such as iPhone's Safari and the Android browser. This feature can be tested for and used.

. On a desktop application, a long-running operation can be spun off into another thread, allowing the user to continue working without blocking the application's UI. HTML5 introduces this concept of threads in the browser environment, a feature known as Web Workers.

Application caching
. What happens when an application cannot connect to its web server? There may be a variety of reasons, but the user only knows that the application is offline. HTML5 provides an offline application-caching API that allows an application to degrade more gracefully when it cannot connect to its web server.

Web sockets
. When there is a long-running event on the server, the browser can be set to poll for a completion. What happens when 100,000 users continually nag the server with the online equivalent of "Are we there yet?" To address this issue, the HTML5 standard has web sockets. However, there are some security issues in the underlying communications protocol that must be addressed.

Drawing. It's possible to draw in the browser by using the Canvas tag and its associated JavaScript commands.

. Geolocation is not a part of, but is associated with, the HTML5 specifications. Because it is often discussed as a part of HTML5, we'll consider it that way for this article. Geolocation allows a browser to determine its current location so that the user can be presented with local information. Geolocation allows for more accurate location information than is typically possible through IP address lookup services.

Other features allow for drag-and-drop support, audio and video tag manipulation, server-sent events, and other features. Some of these features will also require server support for optimal performance.

A Peek at HTML5

Let's take a peek at a simple HTML5 web page and make some key observations about the code. Figure 1 shows some sample source code.

Figure 1: Sample HTML5 source code

<!DOCTYPE html>
 <html lang="en">
         <meta charset="utf-8" />
         <meta http-equiv="X-UA-compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1" />
         <title>About My HTML5 Site</title>

     <div id="container">
             <header  >               

                <h1>About My HTML5 Site</h1>
     This web page was built using ASP.NET. For more information, visit the
     <a href="">ASP.NET homepage</a>.

                <span style="margin-left:auto;margin-right:auto;"><a href="">SDI</a></span>

Notice that the doctype tag, which tells a browser which version of HTML to use, is now much simpler. In HTML5, there is only one doctype tag. The X-UA-Compatible meta tag tells the browser to use the most recent engine available. My system has the Google Chrome frame plug-in installed, so this information is included, as well as the instruction to use the most recent version of the Internet Explorer (IE) engine. Finally, the page is logically divided by header, content, and footer tags. These tags instruct a browser to separate the content visually. This instruction is particularly important for a mobile web browser.

Browsers Galore

Currently, there is no single dominant browser. We've got IE, Firefox, Chrome, Safari, and Opera for the desktop. Add to those the many mobile device browsers such as Safari, the Android browser, and the mobile IE for Windows Phone 7, along with the various versions of each browser. Developers are presented with a vast and complex array of scenarios to code for. In this vein, you may be familiar with the following JavaScript code:

If ( navigator.useragent.indexOf(…….) > -1)
// do something...

This code determines whether the browser is of a specific type. It then responds accordingly—for example, by redirecting the browser to a page optimized for that browser.

Similar functionality exists on the server. The ASP.NET developer can use the Request.Browser server-side object. Some of the properties of this object that you may find useful include the following:

• Request.Browser.IsMobileDevice
• Request.Browser.MobileDeviceManufacturer
• Request.Browser.MobileDeviceModel
• Request.Browser.ScreenPixels

Along with the Request.Browser server-side object, ASP.NET controls contain support for various browsers, based on the user-agent header value. You can also use the Wireless Universal Resource File (WURFL) project. The WURFL project contains a more current set of browser definitions that allow a user to determine device features on the server, such as device input method, audio format support, and other features that are not part of the built-in ASP.NET capabilities. This general technique is referred to as browser detection. While conceptually simple, browser detection tends to be problematic. Browser detection typically results in a large number of if/else statements. This can be confusing and difficult to change.

Feature detection is another useful HTML5 option. A browser is tested for its support of various features. If it supports a particular feature, the browser uses it; if support for the feature is not available in the browser, the feature is not used. Although slightly different from browser detection, feature detection results in simpler code that is ultimately easier to maintain. Although browser detection was fairly common for years, feature detection is better for creating maintainable code.

Along with feature detection, a JavaScript library named Modernizr helps developers implement reliable feature detection. The following code sample uses the Modernizr library to test for geolocation support and then apply geolocation.

       if (Modernizr.geolocation) {
             var navgeo = navigator.geolocation;
             navgeo.getCurrentPosition(WhereIsUser, WhereIsUserError, PosOptions);

Native IE9

At the MIX11 conference, Microsoft made a lot of predictable noise in support of IE because of its "native" status. Terms like native HTML were bandied about. Add to that an early June 2011 demo of Windows 8 with HTML and JavaScript, and there has been some understandable confusion in the marketplace. With all these terms and ideas being tossed around, what's a developer to do? Microsoft will have its BUILD conference in September, so hopefully we'll know more then. In the mean time, there are a few things that we do know about IE9 regarding its optimizations and hardware acceleration.

First, we know that the JavaScript engine has been rewritten to support multiple processor cores. Specifically, a background compilation takes JavaScript and converts it into machine code that runs faster on a given system. Secondly, the machine code that the JavaScript engine produces takes advantage of the most recent and optimized machine commands. Finally, we know that the HTML, Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG), CSS, audio, and video support have been reconfigured for hardware acceleration. Microsoft may have added these features to support modern hardware capabilities such as graphics processing units (GPUs), multiple cores, and other new developments. For example, the <canvas> tag will attain a big boost in performance when it is used in IE9. Overall, it appears that the folks at Microsoft are promoting their browser as the best platform because there are fewer operating system layers to go through when you use IE in a Windows environment.

How ASP.NET Developers Can Be Involved

If you're an ASP.NET developer, you're faced with a couple of questions when designing an ASP.NET application to support HTML5. The first question concerns how to present an application to the user. Currently, HTML5 browsers are more frequently found in mobile devices than in desktop browsers. Since there is a profound difference between a four-inch mobile device and a 25-inch desktop browser, you must understand the differences between the two. A web application designed for a desktop browser (as shown in Figure 2) will most likely present a horrible experience to a user who connects to the application over a mobile device (as shown in Figure 3).

Given the significant differences in device dimensions, successful sites, such as ESPN and Ruby Tuesday design their applications for a general display size. If a user comes to a site through a desktop browser, the user goes right on into the site. If a user comes to a site through a mobile browser, the user is redirected to a mobile version of the application. The code to detect the type of browser and perform the redirection can be placed within the session's Start event.

The second question concerns which ASP.NET display technology to use. Thankfully, it doesn't matter if an application uses ASP.NET Web Forms, ASP.NET MVC, or ASP.NET Web Pages (aka Razor). All these technologies can be used to build an HTML5 ASP.NET application. ASP.NET, MVC, and Web Pages let you directly interact with the HTML output, so you don't need to do anything special when using these types of projects. You only need to write valid HTML5 code for the devices you're planning to support. With a few changes of the standard features in ASP.NET Web Forms, you can use HTML5 features quickly and easily.

Web Forms

ASP.NET Web Forms is a very popular development framework. The problem with Web Forms is that some of its standard features create confusion. The most problematic features in HTML5 and mobile spaces are ViewState, ClientIDs, and MasterPages. We'll walk through ways to provide users with a more optimal solution to the problems encountered when using these features.

ViewState. ASP.NET developers are used to working with ViewState, the feature that makes Web Forms work. However, ViewState increases the size of the web page. For example, if you bind a set of objects to a grid, the size of the page increases dramatically. While the size of the page is not necessarily a big deal for applications that are running over a fairly reliable network, increased page size greatly increases the risk of an error when the page is transmitted over wireless 3G and 4G networks. To work around this issue, you have two options.

First, you can turn off ViewState unless it's needed by a specific control on a page. When you turn off ViewState, it is minimized unless it's absolutely needed, as determined by a developer. However, a page may still be too large because ViewState is stored on the client web page. In this scenario, ViewState can be turned off at the container, page, application, or server level. Turning it off at these levels eliminates the ViewState payload unless it's absolutely necessary for a control.

ASP.NET 4 introduces a feature that lets you turn off ViewState at a higher level in the hierarchy, then turn it on as necessary. Specifically, ViewState can be modified by the ViewStateMode attribute in an ASP.NET control. In the examples in Figure 4 and Figure 5, a grid of data is displayed to the user. The GridView doesn't require many of the more complicated features typically associated with HTML5, so turning off ViewState has no effect on the application or the user. Note that the ViewState mode is turned off within the Content2 container. Figure 4 shows the code for the content view. Figure 5 shows the output of the code in Figure 4.

Figure 4: Code for the content view

<asp:Content ID="Content2" ContentPlaceHolderID="MainContent" runat="server" ViewStateMode="Disabled">

 <script src=""></script>
 View State Size: <span id="ViewStateSize"></span>
 <script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
     $(document).ready(function () {
         // put all your jQuery goodness in here.
         var vs = document.getElementById("__VIEWSTATE");
         var outPut = document.getElementById("ViewStateSize");
         outPut.innerHTML = vs.value.length;
 <asp:GridView ID="gvCustomer" runat="server">
 <asp:TemplateField AccessibleHeaderText="Get Info" HeaderText="Get Info">
     <asp:HyperLink ID="hl" runat="server" Text="Get Info"
         NavigateUrl='<%# String.Format("CustomerInformation.aspx?CustomerID={0}", Container.DataItem) %>' />

The second option is to store ViewState on the server. When you use this option, the data is never transferred across the wireless connection. This requires some setup on the pages, but once configured, this option is relatively painless. There are a number of articles about this topic on the web, so there's not much reason to go over the details here.

. Automatically generated ClientIDs represent the next issue that ASP.NET developers must negotiate. By default, the client IDs that are generated comprise a munged version of the server-side parent containers and control IDs. For example, the grid shown in the ViewState example has the ID MainContent_gvCustomer. You can use the following JavaScript command to get a client-side reference to a server-side object:

var serverObject = document.getElementById('<%: gvCustomer.ClientID%>');

Unfortunately, developers are not the only folks who work on a project. Designers are also involved, and they may not be familiar with the functionality behind control IDs. Therefore, a new feature was introduced in ASP.NET 4 to grant programmers complete control over the client IDs that are generated. This feature is controlled by the ClientIDMode attribute. The values of particular interest for this attribute are Static and Predictable. The Static attribute makes sure that the client ID that is generated remains the same as the server ID. The Predictable attribute is used in conjunction with the data-bound controls and the Static value to generate repeatable client IDs in a grid.

MasterPages. Although not necessarily a requirement for Web Forms developers, MasterPages is a great tool for sharing display layout among pages. I don't recommend that you try to use the same general layout for both a desktop web application and a mobile web application. Instead, it makes sense to create a master page optimized for mobile devices and to continue using this design and layout technique, although MasterPages will certainly be different because of the difference in the layout capabilities of a mobile device and a desktop web browser.

HTML5 Validation

In the Visual Studio 2010 SP1 release, the April 2011 ASP.NET MVC 3 Tools update, and the June 2011 release of the Visual Studio Web Standards update, Microsoft not only updated its MVC tools, but it also added support for HTML5, as illustrated in Figures 6A and 6B. Developers now get support for HTML5, CSS3, and the JavaScript objects that support the new features. With CSS3 support, even the IE, Mozilla, and Safari extensions are supported.

Saving Bandwidth with CDNs

Most developers are accustomed to copying files locally to a solution, then running the application as a self-contained unit. There are a number of files that applications share, not only across a single company but also across many applications. These are libraries such as jQuery and many of the JavaScript libraries that are a part of the ASP.NET 4 framework. Many companies and organizations share these libraries. Instead of using this bandwidth on your servers and routinely downloading these files, based on caching settings, it makes sense to use the same copies that others may have already downloaded to their systems. This means that instead of loading JavaScript files, CSS files, and others from your web server, the user's browser downloads the files from various content delivery networks (CDNs). Although this approach may not sound like a significant improvement, your users will typically obtain a better response time for various libraries from these CDNs. Along with shipment of ASP.NET 4, Microsoft has provided support for its CDN within the ASP.NET ScriptManager by setting the EnableCdn attribute to true.

To illustrate the difference between using a CDN and using content from your own local web server, let's look at the results from a simple ASP.NET Web Form by using the Firebug and YSlow tools. Let's look at a simple page with only the master page and the script manager installed, as shown in Figure 7.

Once the four standard ASP.NET JavaScript files are cached locally, 56.6KB of data is being pulled from the local cache. This may not sound like a lot of data, but in an HTML5 mobile world, this amount can be significant.

Now, what would have happened if we had not used the CDN? As you can see from Figure 8, YSlow reports that the files are cached coming from our own web server.

However, it is highly unlikely that other applications are pulling this content from our servers; at least we hope that they aren't. By using the files from our local server, users are paying the "bandwidth tax" instead of using the files that may already be cached locally from another application. Every little bit of bandwidth savings helps, especially in the mobile space. A second advantage is that on public-facing websites where bandwidth may cost money, the bandwidth cost for your website will most likely go down by using a CDN. For more information about why to cache files through CDNs, check out Dave Ward's excellent set of articles in the Links of Interest sidebar at the end of this article


In pages and applications based on the MVC design pattern, the presentation logic is decoupled from the underlying application logic. If an application needs to present different views of the same data to a desktop and a mobile client web client, it is possible to reuse the underlying models and controllers and merely swap the views as necessary. I think this is a huge win for web developers who are using the ASP.NET MVC framework.

With the recent MVC3 Tools update, the ASP.NET team has added the ability to use HTML5 by default. You can do so by selecting the Use HTML5 semantic markup check box, as shown in Figure 9.


European ASP.NET 4 Hosting - Amsterdam :: Caching Support All Types of .NET 4.0 Application

clock August 22, 2012 10:05 by author Scott

In early .NET versions if someone asked, can we implement caching in a Console Application, Windows Presentation Foundation Application and other .NET Applications other than ASP.NET application then people would laugh at this question but now with .NET 4.0 and above framework we can cache data in all types of .NET applications such as Console Applications, Windows Forms and Windows Presentation Application etc.

Let's see what is a new thing in the .NET 4.0 framework. They introduce a new library System.Runtime.Caching that implements caching for all types of .NET Applications.


Let's try to implement caching in a Console Application.

Step 1:
First of all we will create a new Console Application. I have given it the name SystemRuntimeCachingSample40.

Step 2:
Now we will try to add a System.Runtime.Caching assembly to our project but unfortunately you will not find that assembly because by default your target framework is .NET Framework 4 Client Profile.

You must change it from client profile to .NET famework 4.

Now you can find the assembly; see the following image:

Step 3:
Now everything is set up.

This is the code for caching

static void Main(string[] args)

    for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++)
        ObjectCache cache = MemoryCache.Default;
        CacheItem fileContents = cache.GetCacheItem("filecontents");
        if (fileContents == null)
            CacheItemPolicy policy = new CacheItemPolicy();
            List<string> filePaths = new List<string>();
            string cachedFilePath =
            policy.ChangeMonitors.Add(new HostFileChangeMonitor(filePaths));
            string fileData = File.ReadAllText(cachedFilePath);
            fileContents = new CacheItem("filecontents", fileData);
            cache.Set(fileContents, policy);
         Console.WriteLine(fileContents.Value as string);

When you run your application you will see that for the second time it will not go into the IF block.

Happy Coding.

European ASP.NET Hosting - Amsterdam :: Steps for Session InProc Mode to Session StateServer

clock August 14, 2012 08:17 by author Scott

Main Advantage of Session StateServer (Best to choose while hosting on third party server)

1. Session is persistent and reliable.

2. Avoid Session Timeout due to Memory shortage on server (IIS Setting).

Main Disadvantage

1. Poor Performance compare to Session="InProc"

2. Session_End Event would not fire.

Steps for changing Session InProc Mode to Session StateServer Mode.

Step 1: Start State Servcie

1. Go to Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Services

2. Select Asp.Net State Service.

3. Right Click on State Service and choose start from popup menu.

If you forget to Start Service you will receive following error.

Server Error in '/' Application.

Unable to make the session state request to the session state server. Please ensure that the ASP.NET State service is started and that the client and server ports are the same. If the server is on a remote machine, please ensure that it accepts remote requests by checking the value of HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\aspnet_state\Parameters\AllowRemoteConnection. If the server is on the local machine, and if the before mentioned registry value does not exist or is set to 0, then the state server connection string must use either 'localhost' or '' as the server name.

Step 2: Change Session Mode in Web.Config File

<sessionState mode="StateServer"

Note: You can adjust timeout minutes based on your requirement. Let the tcpip server to be localhost i.e. Most webhosting company uses these settings unless you have different IP for StateServer and You are not required to change Port Number.

Step 3: Make All Object Serializable

You should make all object in your website to serializable.

Note: To take advantage of Session StateServer or SQLServer or Custom Mode, object needs to be serialized.

Example: If your project contains class files for creating DAL (Data Access Layer), you should append Serializable to every class definition in order to make class Serializable.


Class Department
          long _deptId;
          string _deptName;

          public long DeptId
                    get { return _deptId; }
                    set { _deptId = value; }

          public string DeptName
                   get { return _deptName; }
                   set { _deptName = value; }

IMPORTANT While doing Serialization

Remember SQLConnection cannot be serialized.

You might receive following error if you don't handle this situation.

Unable to serialize the session state. In 'StateServer' and 'SQLServer' mode, ASP.NET will serialize the session state objects, and as a result non-serializable objects or MarshalByRef objects are not permitted. The same restriction applies if similar serialization is done by the custom session state store in 'Custom' mode.

So to handle this situation you need to do following thing.

1. Mark SQLConnection Object as NonSerialized [NonSerialized] protected SqlConnection _mainConnection;

2. Mark your Class as Serializable and derive from IDeserializationCallback


Class Department: IDeserializationCallback
long _deptId;
string _deptName;

public long DeptId
get { return _deptId; }
set { _deptId = value; }

public string DeptName
get { return _deptName; }
set { _deptName = value; }

//Create this Method Inside your Class
void IDeserializationCallback.OnDeserialization(object sender)
       //Recreate your connection here
_mainConnection = new SqlConnection();
_mainConnection.ConnectionString =

European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - Amsterdam :: Writing asynchronous HTTP Module in ASP.NET 4.5

clock August 13, 2012 09:00 by author Scott

In this article, I will show you new features in ASP.NET 4.5, Asynchronous HTTP Module.

First Just to give a brief Idea, why Asynchronous HTTPModules are important ?

As we all know, web is stateless. A Web page is created from scratch every time whenever it is posted back to the server. In traditional web programming, all the information within the page and control gets wiped off on every postback. Every request in ASP.NET goes through a series of events.

Every request is served by am HTTP handler and it goes a series of HTTPModules (HTTPPipeline) which can be read, update the request. A lot of features of ASP.NET like Authentication, Authorization, Session etc are implemented as HTTP Module in ASP.NET. Let’s have a view on the Request Processing

Now as you can see the request is assigned to a thread T1 from the available threads is thread pool. And the request is passed through several HTTPModules and finally served my HTTPHandler and response is send back with the same thread (T1).

During the entire processing, same thread is engaged in serving the same request and cannot be used by any another request till request processing completes. During the request processing if any HTTPModules depends on some entities like I/O based operations, web services, Databases queries etc then it takes long to complete which makes the thread busy for long which makes thread will not do anything during that duration and will be useless. In this kind of scenarios the throughput goes down rapidly.

In the above scenario, synchronous HTTPModule can degrade the site performance a lot. So if we can make HTTPModules as asynchronous that can increase the through put a lot. In asynchronous mode, ASP.NET thread get released as soon as the control get passed to another component/module, it does not wait. And the thread becomes available in thread pool and can be used to serve another request. When the component completes its assigned task then it got assigned to new ASP.NET thread which completes the request. The flow can be graphically presented as

In the above picture, An thread T1 is assigned from threadpool to server the request. When the control got passed to File System to log message, thread got released and when essage logging got completed, control passed to and it is assigned to another thread say T2 from thread pool.

In .NET Framework 4.o, there was some major enhancement made for asynchronous programming model. Any asynchronous operation is represents a Task and it comes under the namespace System.Threading.Tasks.Task.

In .NET 4.5, there are some new operator and keyword introduced that makes the life easy for implement Asynchronous feature. One is async keyword and await operator.

These two enables us to write the asynchronous code is similar fashion as we write for synchronous mode.

And these features can be easily used while writing HTTPModules and HTTPHandlers. We’ll be using these enhancements in writing our custom asynchronous HTTPModule.

In my sample as depicted in image, I am creating a module that writes some log messages in a text file for every request made.

So to create a Custom
HTTPModule, Create a class library project. And create a class say named LogModule which implements IHttpModule. For this you need to add a reference of Assembly System.Web.

would contains the methods discussed below.

We need to implement two methods Init and Dispose that are part of
IHTTPModule interface.

Here first , I have written an asynchronous method that actually reads the information from the request and writes in the log file asynchronously . For this I have used
WriteAsync of FileStream

private async Task WriteLogmessages(object sender, EventArgs e)
    HttpApplication app = (HttpApplication)sender;
        DateTime time = DateTime.Now;

        string line = String.Format(
        "{0,10:d}    {1,11:T}    {2, 32}   {3}\r\n",
        time, time,
        using (_file = new FileStream(
            FileMode.OpenOrCreate, FileAccess.Write,
            FileShare.Write, 1024, true))
            line = line + "  ," + threaddetails;
            byte[] output = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(line);

            _file.Seek(_position, SeekOrigin.Begin);
            _position += output.Length;
            await _file.WriteAsync(output, 0, output.Length);


Here you can see the await key word, what it means..

As per msdn “An await expression does not block the thread on which it is executing. Instead, it causes the compiler to sign up the rest of the async method as a continuation on the awaited task. Control then returns to the caller of the async method. When the task completes, it invokes its continuation, and execution of the async method resumes where it left off.“

await is used with some asynchronous method that returns task and is used suspend the execution of the method until the task completes and control is returned back to the caller to execute further. await should be used with the last expression of any code block.

And Init method would be like

public void Init(HttpApplication context)


        // It wraps the Task-based method
        EventHandlerTaskAsyncHelper asyncHelper =
           new EventHandlerTaskAsyncHelper(WriteLogmessages);

        //asyncHelper's BeginEventHandler and EndEventHandler eventhandler that is used
        //as Begin and End methods for Asynchronous HTTP modules
        asyncHelper.BeginEventHandler, asyncHelper.EndEventHandler);


So apart from above these methods, we need to implement the dispose method.

Now compile your class library and use the reference in your ASP.NET website . Now as you must be knowing that we need to need to add the entry in the config file. So it’ll be as


<add name="MyCustomHTTPModule" type="MyCustomHTTPModule.LogModule, MyCustomHTTPModule"/>

Now when you run your application, you will see the logs are created in a text file in App_Data folder as mentioned path in the code.

Hope you all have liked this new feature.



European ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting - Amsterdam :: Custom Caching Provider in ASP.NET 4.0/4.5

clock August 6, 2012 06:54 by author Scott

In this article I am trying to explain Custom Caching Provider in ASP.NET 4.0 or 4.5. I have created a sample in Visual Studio 2011.


Caching enables you to store data in memory for rapid access. When the data is accessed again, applications can get the data from the cache instead of retrieving it from the original source. This can improve performance and scalability. In addition, caching makes data available when the data source is temporarily unavailable.


Step 1
: Create two new projects; one is Web Application and the other is Class Library.

Step 2
: Now open the Class Library project and add a reference for System.Web assembly.

Step 3
: Now inherit your class from OutputCacheProvider Class.

Step 4
: Now override all Add, Get, Set and Remove Methods.

Here is sample Code.

public class FileCacheProvider : OutputCacheProvider

        private string _filecachePath;

        public string FilecachePath
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(_filecachePath))
                    return _filecachePath;
                _filecachePath = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["OutputCachePath"];

                var context = HttpContext.Current;

                if (context != null)
                    _filecachePath = context.Server.MapPath(_filecachePath);
                    if (!_filecachePath.EndsWith("\\"))
                        _filecachePath += "\\";

                return _filecachePath;
        public override object Add(string key, object entry, DateTime utcExpiry)
            Debug.WriteLine("Cache.Add(" + key + ", " + entry + ", " + utcExpiry + ")");

            var path = GetPathFromKey(key);

            if (File.Exists(path))
                return entry;

            using (var file = File.OpenWrite(path))
                var item = new CacheItem { Expires = utcExpiry, Item = entry };
                var formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
                formatter.Serialize(file, item);

            return entry;
        public override object Get(string key)
            Debug.WriteLine("Cache.Get(" + key + ")");
            var path = GetPathFromKey(key);

            if (!File.Exists(path))
                return null;

            CacheItem item = null;

            using (var file = File.OpenRead(path))
                var formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
                item = (CacheItem)formatter.Deserialize(file);

            if (item == null || item.Expires <= DateTime.Now.ToUniversalTime())
                return null;

             return item.Item;
        public override void Remove(string key)
            Debug.WriteLine("Cache.Remove(" + key + ")");

            var path = GetPathFromKey(key);

            if (File.Exists(path))

        public override void Set(string key, object entry, DateTime utcExpiry)
            Debug.WriteLine("Cache.Set(" + key + ", " + entry + ", " + utcExpiry + ")");

            var item = new CacheItem { Expires = utcExpiry, Item = entry };
            var path = GetPathFromKey(key);

            using (var file = File.OpenWrite(path))
                var formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
                formatter.Serialize(file, item);
        private string GetPathFromKey(string key)
            return FilecachePath + MD5(key) + ".txt";

        private string MD5(string s)
            var provider = new MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
            var bytes = Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(s);
            var builder = new StringBuilder();

            bytes = provider.ComputeHash(bytes);

            foreach (var b in bytes)

            return builder.ToString();

Step 5
: Now add the class library project reference to your web application and add the following attribute to your web.config file:

      <outputCache defaultProvider="FileCacheProvider">
         <add name="FileCacheProvider" type="CustomCacheProviderLib4_5.FileCacheProvider"/>

Step 6: Now add an OutputCache Directive to your page (Default.aspx).

<%@ OutputCache VaryByParam="ID" Duration="300" %>

Step 7: Now run your web application and see that your page is loading from the Cache:

Step 8
: Here is the output window:

About is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.

Tag cloud

Sign in